The Yellow tang inhabits the Pacific Ocean and might also live off the coast of Florida in the Western Central Atlantic. It is considered native to the following countries/states/regions: Caroline Island, Guam, Hawaii, Hong Kong, Japan, Johnston Island, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, N Marianas, Ogasawara Islands, Palua, Philippines, Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, Vietnam, and Wake Island. The geographical limits of the Yellow tang are 30°N to 8°N, and 127°e to 79°w.
The Yellow tang is found in areas of lagoons and seaward reefs with prolific coral growth. It can be encountered from below the surge zone; its dept range is 2-46 meters / 7-150 feet. This fish lives alone or form loose groups.